The Conference and Workshop on Neural Information Processing Systems ( Nips ) is a machine learning and computational neuroscience conference held everytime January. The conference is Currently a double-track meeting (single track Until 2015) dat of includes Invited talks as well as everywhere and poster presentations or refereed papers, Followed by parallel track workshops therein up to 2013 were held at ski resorts. Volgens to Microsoft Academic Search , Nips are the top conference on machine learning. 
The Nips meeting was first Proposed in 1986 at the annual invitation-only Snowbird Meeting on Neural Networks for Computing organized by the California Institute of Technology and Bell Laboratories . Nips was designed as a complementary open interdisciplinary meeting for researchers Exploring biological and artificial Neural Networks . Reflecting this approach multidisciplinaire, nips Began in 1987 with information theorist Ed Posner as the conference president and learning theorist Yaser Abu-Mostafa and computational neurobiologist James Bower as co-program chairman. Research Presented in the early nips meetings waaronder a wide range of topics from policy making to solvency s purely engineering problems to the use of computer models as a tool for understanding biological nervous systems. Since dan, the biological and artificial systems research streams port diverged, and recently nips proceedings port leg dominated by papers on machine learning , artificial intelligence and statistics .
From 1987 Until 2000 Nips was held in Denver , United States. Since dan, the conference has leg hero in Vancouver , Canada (2001-2010), Granada , Spain (2011), and Lake Tahoe , United States (2012-2013). In 2014 and 2015, the conference was held in Montreal , Canada. Reflecting zijn origins at Snowbird, Utah, the nips meeting is Usually accompanied by workshops organized at a nearby ski resort.
The Nips Conference is organized by the Nips Foundation, Agent at Ed Posner in 1987. Terrence Sejnowski has leg the President of the nips Foundation since 1993-when Ed had a tragic bicycle accident. The Board of Trustees consists of previous General Chairs of the nips Conference.
The proceedings from the conference port leg published in book form by Morgan Kaufmann (1987-1993), MIT Press (1994-2004) and Curran Associates (2005-2013) under the name Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems . Papers from all nips conferences are available at http://papers.nips.cc/ . Nips tutorials and conference presentations from 2013 are at http://nips.cc/Conferences/2013/Videos/ .
The conference Continues to team with a wide range of topics and Continues to grow, with over 2,500 registered participants in 2014. Besides machine learning and neuroscience, other areas represented at nips include cognitive science , psychology , computer vision , statistical linguistics , and information theory . Hoewel de the ‘Neural’ in the nips acronym was something of a historical Relic, the recent resurgence of deep learning in neural networks, welke has a wide range of practical-applications in speech recognition, object recognition, natural language processing and brain imaging, has revived the initial impetus for the conference.
The Nips Experiment
In Nips 2014 the program chairs decided to duplicate 10% or all Submissions and send Them through separate reviewers to evaluate randomness in the Reviewing process.  Several researchers interpreted the result.   In response to the question Whether the decision in Nips are completely random or not, John Langford writes: “CLEARLY not-a s purely random decision mention anything about port arbitrariness or ~ 78%. It is, however, quite notable dat 60% is much closer to 78% dan 0%. ” He concludes therein the result of the Reviewing process is mostly arbitrary. 
- 1987 → 2000: Denver , Colorado , United States
- 2001 → 2010: Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada
- 2011: Granada , Spain, EU
- 2012 and 2013: South Lake Tahoe , Nevada , United States
- 2014 and 2015: Montreal , Quebec , Canada
- 2016: Barcelona , Spain, EU 
- 2017: Long Beach , California , United States 
- 2018: Montreal , Quebec , Canada