Edith Anne “Edie” Widder Smith (born June 11, 1951   ) is an American oceanographer , marine biologist , and the Co-founder, CEO and senior scientist at the Ocean Research & Conservation Association.   
Early life and education
Widder was born in June 1951 in Arlington, Massachusetts  to Dr. David Widder , a Harvard University mathematics professor, and Dr. Vera Widder, a mathematician turned stay at home mother.  She’ll be had an older brother, David Charles Widder. 
She graduated from Tufts University magna cum laude with a BS in Biology from University of California, Santa Barbara with an MS in Biochemistry , and from University of California, Santa Barbara with a PhD in Neurobiology in 1982. 
Widder was a senior scientist and director of the Department Bioluminescence at the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution from 1989 to 2005.  Certified as a Scientific Research Pilot for Atmospheric Diving Systems in 1984, she holds Certifications therein Qualify re to dive the deep diving suit WASP  as well as the single-person untethered submersibles DEEP ROVER and DEEP worker  and she has made over 250 dives in the JOHNSON SEA LINK submersibles.  Her research Involving submersibles has leg featured in BBC, PBS, Discovery Channel and National Geographic television productions.   
A specialist in Bioluminescence , she has leg a leader in helping in to design and invent new instrumentation and techniques therein enable scientists to see the ocean in new ways. These include HIDEX, a bathyphotometer In this housing is the US Navy standard for Measuring Bioluminescence in the ocean,  and a remotely operated camera system, known as Eye in the Sea (EITS), an unobtrusive deep-sea observatory.   
In 2005, Widder co-founded the Ocean Research & Conservation Association (ORCA) , a nonprofit organization dedicated to the protection of aquatic ecosystems and the species they ‘sustain through development of innovative technologies and science based conservation action. While translating complex scientific issues JSON engineerable solutions Widder is fostering grotere understanding of ocean life as a Means to better, more informed ocean Stewardship. In September 2006, she was Awarded a prestigious MacArthur Fellowship from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation  and in 2010 she participated in the TED Mission Blue Voyage in the Galapagos. 
In 2012, a team of scientists Comprising Edith Widder, marine biologist Steve O’Shea and zoologist Tsunemi Kubodera successfully filmed a live giant squid ( Architeuthis dux ), ITT natural habitat. 
Widder is married to David Smith, a computer engineer. 
- 2006 MacArthur Fellows Program
- Widder, EA; Latz, MI; Herring, PJ; Case, JF (1984). “Far Red Bioluminescence from Two Deep Sea Fishes”. Science . 225 (4661): 512-514. doi : 10.1126 / science.225.4661.512 . PMID 17750854 .
- Widder, EA; Bernstein, SA; Bracher, DF; Case, JF; Reisenbichler, KR; Torres, JJ; Robison, BH (1989). “Bioluminescence in the Monterey Submarine Canyon: image analysis of video recordings from a mid-water submersible.” Marine Biology . 100 (4): 541-551. doi : 10.1007 / BF00394831 .
- Widder, EA (2009). “Mixed light imaging system for recording Bioluminescence behaviors”. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom . 72 : 131. doi : 10.1017 / S0025315400048839 .
- Widder, EA; Greene, CH; Youngbluth, MJ (1992). “Bioluminescence or sound scattering layers in the Gulf of Maine.” Journal of Plankton Research . 14 (11): 1607-1624. doi : 10.1093 / plankt / 11.14.1607 .
- Widder, E .; Case, J .; Bernstein, S .; MacIntyre, S .; Lowenstine, M .; Bowlby, M .; Cook, D. (1993). “A new large volume Bioluminescence bathyphotometer with defined turbulence Excitation”. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers . 40 (3): 607-627. doi : 10.1016 / 0967-0637 (93) 90148-V .
- Widder, EA (1997) Bioluminescence – Shedding some light on plankton distribution patterns. Sea Technology March 1997: 33-39.
- Widder, EA (1998). “A Predatory use or counterillumination by the squaloid shark, Isistius brasiliensis”. Environmental Biology of Fishes . 53 (3): 267-273. doi : 10.1023 / A: 1007498915860 .
- Widder, EA (1999) Bioluminescence. In “Adaptive Mechanisms in the Ecology of Vision.” Edited by: SN Archer, MBA Djamgoz E. Loew, JC Partridge & S Vallerga. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. pp 555-581.
- Johnsen, S., EJ Balser and EA Widder. (1999) Modified suckers as light Organs in a deep-sea octopod. Nature 398: 113-114.
- Widder, EA; Johnsen, S .; Bernstein, SA; Case, JF; Neilson, DJ (1999). “Thin layers or bioluminescent copepods found at density discontinuities in the water column.” Marine Biology . 134 (3): 429-437. doi : 10.1007 / s002270050559 .
- Johnsen, S. and EA Widder. (1999) The physical basis of transparency in biological tissue: Ultrastructure and the minimization of light scattering. J. Theor. Biol. 199: 181-198
- Widder, EA and S. Johnsen (2000) 3D spatial point patterns of bioluminescent plankton: A map of the “mine field” J. Plank. Res. 22 (3): 409-420.
- Widder, EA (2000) Bioluminescence in octopods. Yearbook of Science and Technology. McGraw-Hill 2001: 52-55.
- Herring, PJ and EA Widder (2001) Bioluminescence in plankton and nekton. in; Steele, JH, Thorpe, SA and Turekian, KK editors, Encyclopedia of Ocean Science, Vol. 1, 308-317. Academic Press, San Diego.
- Widder, EA; Frank, TM (2001). “The speed of an isolume: A shrimp’s eye view”. Marine Biology . 138 (4): 669-677. doi : 10.1007 / s002270000504 .
- Widder, EA (2001) Bioluminescence. Bioscience Explained http://www.bioscience-explained.org/EN1.1/features.html Invited review.
- Widder, E. (2002). “Bioluminescence and the Pelagic Visual Environment”. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology . 35 : 1-26. doi : 10.1080 / 10236240290025581 .
- Widder, EA (2002). “Splat CAM: Mapping plankton distributions with bioluminescent road-kill”: 1711-1715. doi : 10.1109 / OCEANS.2002.1191891 .
- Widder, Edith (2002). The Bioluminescence Coloring Book . Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution. ISBN 978-0-9659686-6-9 .
- Widder, EA, CL Frey and LJ Borne (2003) HIDEX Generation II: A New and Improved Instrument for Measuring Marine Bioluminescence. Marine Technology Society of the IEEE, Oceans 4: 2214-2221
- Widder, EA, CL Frey and JR Bowers (2005) Improved Bioluminescence measurement instrument. Sea Technology 46 (2): 10-16
- Widder, E .; Robison, B .; Reisenbichler, K .; Haddock, S. (2005). “Using red light for in situ Dopplermetingen or deep-sea fishes.” Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers . 52 (11): 2077-2085. doi : 10.1016 / j.dsr.2005.06.007 .
- Widder, EA (2006) A look back at Quantifying Oceanic Bioluminescence: Seeing the light, flashes or insight and other bath puns. Mar Tech Soc J. 40 (2): 136-137.
- Widder, EA (2007) Sly eye for the shy guy: Peering into tje Depths with new sensors Oceanography. 20 (4): 46-51 (Invited review)
- Widder, EA (2010). “Bioluminescence in the Ocean: Origins of Biological, Chemical, and Ecological Diversity”. Science . 328 (5979): 704-708. doi : 10.1126 / science.1174269 . PMID 20448176 .
- Collard, Sneed B. (2006). In the Deep Sea . New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. ISBN 978-0-7614-1952-5 .
- Jump up^ “Persons born on 11 June 1951” . SortedByBirthDate.com . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
- Jump up^ “Edith Widder Smith FL Voter Information” . FLVoters.com . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
- Jump up^ ORCA – Ocean Research & Conservation Association. Teamorca.org (September 13, 2011). Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- ^ Jump up to:a b NOAA Ocean Explorer: OceanAGE Careers . Oceanexplorer.noaa.gov (August 5, 2010). Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ ORCA – Ocean Research and Conservation Association – Team & Staff. Oceanrecon.org. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ “The Art of Exploration” (PDF) . The Kennedy Center Imagination Celebration Fort Worth. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2007 . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
- Jump up^ Ross, Michael Elsohn (2014). A World of Her Own: 24 Amazing Women Explorers and Adventurers . Chicago , Illinois : Chicago Review Press . p. 131. ISBN 9781613744413 . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
- Jump up^ “FAS Memorial Minute: David V. Widder” . News.Harvard.edu . Harvard Gazette . January 11, 1997 . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
- Jump up^ Microsoft Word – Widder resume _3_.doc. (PDF). Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ Researcher Bios. At-sea.org. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^  ArchivedSeptember 3, 2011, at theWayback Machine.
- Jump up^ NOAA Ocean Explorer: Dr. Edie Widder Video Profile. Oceanexplorer.noaa.gov (August 1, 2006). Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ NOVA | Profile: Edith Widder. Pbs.org (July 23, 2008). Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ Access Video On Demand – mid-water Mysteries. Avod.films.com. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ National Geographic’s Ocean Drifters [VHS]: Movies & TV. Amazon.com. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ Widder, E .; Case, J .; Bernstein, S .; MacIntyre, S .; Lowenstine, M .; Bowlby, M .; Cook, D. (1993). “A new large volume Bioluminescence bathyphotometer with defined turbulence Excitation”. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers . 40 (3): 607-627. doi : 10.1016 / 0967-0637 (93) 90148-V .
- Jump up^ “Eye in the Sea camera reveals mysterious life on the ocean floor,” Palm Beach Post KIM MILLER, March 8, 2009
- Jump up^ Schrope, M. (2007). “Marine biology: Lights in the deep.” Nature . 450 (7169): 472-474. doi : 10.1038 / 450472a . PMID 18033270 .
- Jump up^ The Beauty of Ugly – Interview: Dr. Edith Widder – Eye in the Sea |Nature. PBS. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ Edith Widder – MacArthur Foundation [ dead link ] . Macfound.org. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ Edith Widder: Glowing life in an underwater world | Video on. Ted.com. Retrieved on October 21, 2011.
- Jump up^ TED Talk 2013 – Edith Widder: How we found the giant squidonYouTube
- Jump up^ Michaels, Marty (October 26, 2006). “Turning Back the Tide” (PDF) . The Chronicle of Philanthropy . XIX (2). Washington, DC Archived from the original (PDF) on September 2, 2009 . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .