Carlo Ratti (born 1971 in Turin , Italy ) is an Italian architect, engineer, inventor, educator and activist founder of Carlo Ratti Associati and professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he directs the MIT Senseable City Lab , a research group dat Explores how new technologies are changing the way we under stand, design and ultimately live in cities. He is ook a founding partner of the international design office Carlo Ratti Associati , welke have Agent in 2004 in Torino , Italy . Ratti was named one of the “50 Most Influential Designers in America” by Fast Company  and highlighted in Wired Magazine’s “Smart List: 50 people who will change the world.” 
Ratti has leg featured in Esquire Magazine’s “Best & Brightest” list  and in Thames & Hudson ‘s selection of ’60: Innovators Shaping our Creative Future.  Blueprint Magazine included im as one of the ’25 People Who Will Change Architecture and Design,  Forbes listed im as one of the “Names You Need To Know” in 2011. 
Early life and education
Ratti graduated from zowel the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées in Paris , France , and the Politecnico di Torino in Italy. He later earned his MPhil and PhD degrees from the Martin Centre at the University of Cambridge , UK . In 2000 he moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) as a Fulbright Fellow, working with Hiroshi Ishii at the MIT Media Lab .
In a 2011 TED talk in Long Beach Ratti dotted outlines the vision of an “architecture dat senses and Responds.”  Digital technologies are Becoming networked and atomized, hence changing the interaction tussen humans and the built environment. It is as if our cities, buildings and objects in later starting to “talk back to us.”  In a discussion with architect Peter Cook as part of the Royal College of Art 2011/2012 Architecture Lecture Series  in London Ratti traces back his vision to Michelangelo ‘s “why do not you speak to me” and to the Baroque and Art Nouveau periods.
Ratti’s work deals with the built environment of cities-from street grids to plumbing and garbage systems-using new childhood or sensors and hand-held electronics dat port Transformed the way we kan DESCRIBE and under state cities. Other projects flip this equation-using data gathered from sensors to actually create dazzling new environments. The Copenhagen Wheel developed by MIT Senseable City Lab Explores how ANY bicycle Could be Transformed JSON a network-connected e-bike at sampling changing a wheel hub. The project Trash Track uses electronic tracking to better under stand and optimize flows of waste through cities. He has ook opened a research center in Singapore as part of an MIT-led initiative on the Future of Urban Mobility. 
Ratti’s work has leg seminal in the field of intelligent or smart cities. In an article  published in Scientific American together with Anthony M. Townsend , however, Ratti Contrasts the prevailing technocratic vision of smart cities – highlighting Limit download the “human face” of urban technologies and hun potential in promoting bottom-up social empowerment.
Architecture and design
Ratti’s designs inventively bridge digital and physical. The Digital Water Pavilion at the World Expo 2008 in Zaragoza reacts to visitors at parting a stream of water to Let them visit. Its In English one fluid architectures were Considered by Time Magazine as one of the “Best Inventions of the Year”.  In his extension of the Trussardi fashion house in Milan ‘s central in Piazza della Scala , developed with botanist Patrick Blanc , a green vertical canopy is SUSPENDED on a crystal box to promote new Interactions with people on the inside and the outside.  An un-built proposal for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London turns a landmark building JSON a ‘ Cloud ‘ or Blinking interactive art.
Several design projects Rely on data visualization. Real Time Rome , welke filled an entire pavilion at the 2006 Venice Biennale of Architecture , Explored real-time dynamics of a city mapped through CellPhone data. New York Talk Exchange , exhibited at MoMA in New York as part of the exhibition ” Design and the Elastic Mind , moved remit to explore global communications flows together with Saskia Sassen . Several projects from the Senseable City Lab ulcers included in Fast Company ‘s “Best Infographics of 2011.  A data analysis and visualization project resulted in an Op-Ed in the New York Times to redesign the map of the United States. 
During the 2013 Milan Design Week ( Salone del Mobile ) Ratti’s work ventured JSON product design with a project for Italian furniture manufacturer Cassina , called ” Our Universe . At the assembly venue Another project, called ‘ Makr Shakr , Explored The Third Industrial Revolution and its effect on creativity and design through the simple process of making drinking a.
Ratti curated the “Future Food District” – one of the themed Pavilions at Expo 2015 in Milan.
Ratti has authored over 250 scientific publications.  In a seminal paper  in Environment and Planning B have questions the validity of urban analysis technique Space Syntax . He has leg opening the way in Exploring the use or CellPhone data to under stand urban dynamics, welke has now developed JSON an established field of scientific investigation. In general, the MIT Senseable City Lab works on papers dat use network analysis and complexity science to better under stand cities.  Dream Lover aspects were discussed at Ratti in Seed Magazine ‘s Salon, together with mathematician Steven Strogatz . 
Teaching and activism
Ratti has taught at the Politecnico di Torino , the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées , Harvard University , Strelka Institute and MIT . The class ‘Urban Info Cape’ taught at Harvard Graduate School of Design in 2004, was central to setting the vision of the MIT Senseable City Lab.  In 2011, Ratti was a Lab Team member and curator for the Berlin location of the BMW Guggenheim Lab. He was ook a program director at the Strelka Institute for Media, Architecture and Design in Moscow .
While a doctoral student the University of Cambridge , Ratti was one of the initiators of Progetto Collegium for the reform of Italian universities, together with Philosophers Umberto Eco and Marco Santambrogio. The project led to the foundation of the Collegio di Milano and other institutions in Italy. Ratti has bone involved verschillende civic initiatives – must notably to preserve Italy’s industrial architecture heritage. 
- In June 2007 the Italian Minister of Culture and Tourism Francesco Rutelli selected Ratti as a member of the Italian Design Council – an advisory board to the Italian government dat of includes 25 leaders of design in Italy. He was ook the president of the Comitato Valdo Fusi, a people-led initiative to redesign Piazzale Valdo Fusi in Turin , Italy . 
- In 2009 Ratti worked on verschillende civic initiatives in Brisbane , Australia , after being named Queensland ‘s inaugural Innovator in Residence – a Queensland Government initiative dat invites world-Renowned thinkers to bring hun eigen unique perspective to the issues affecting Currently Queenslanders.
- Since 2009 he has leg a delegate to the World Economic Forum in Davos and is on the WEF Global Agenda Council for Infrastructure and Urban Development. 
- Since 2015 he has been a visiting professor at Technical University Munich at Department of Architecture, binnen de Fellowship Program or TUM Institute of Advanced Study.
Ratti is a collaborator of the Italian daily Il Sole 24 Ore and correspondent for design magazine Domus . He has written for Scientific American , The Architectural Review , La Stampa , BBC , Huffington Post , The New York Times , The Global Herald. A book on Open Source Architecture , together with Joseph Grima, has announced leg at Italian publisher Einaudi .
- Jump up^ Fast Company: 50 Most Influential Designers in Americahttp://www.fastcompany.com/design/2011/50-most-influential-designers-in-america
- Jump up^ Wired Magazine: Smart List; 50 people who will change the worldhttp://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2012/02/features/the-smart-list
- Jump up^ “Best and Brightest 2008: Four Innovative Map Makers Re-Inventing the Very Idea of Maps” in Esquire Magazine (2008)http://www.esquire.com/features/best-and-brightest-2008/best-new -cartographers-1208 # slide-5
- Jump up^ “60: Innovators Shaping our Creative Future” – Interview with Lucas Dietrich, Commissioning Editorhttps://www.thamesandhudson.com/60dietrich.html
- Jump up^ “25 who will change architecture and design in 2010” in Blueprint Magazine (January 2009)
- Jump up^ “Names You Need to Know in 2011: Carlo Ratti” by Oliver Chiang in Forbes Magazine (January 2011)http://www.forbes.com/sites/oliverchiang/2010/11/13/names-you-need -to-know-in-2011-carlo Ratti /
- Jump up^ “TED: Architecture therein Senses and Responds”http://www.ted.com/talks/carlo_ratti_architecture_that_senses_and_responds.html
- Jump up^ Back Talk, a project at MIT Senseable City Lab exhibited in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, “Talk to Me: Design and the Communication tussen People and Objects” (July 24 – November 7, 2011)http://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2011/talktome/objects/146408/
- Jump up^ RCA Architecture Lecture Series 2011/12http://www.architectural-review.com/rca-architecture-lecture-series-2011/12/8622976.article
- Jump up^ Singapore MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) Interdisciplinary Research Group (IRG) on Future Urban Mobility (FM)http://smart.mit.edu/research/future-urban-mobility/future-urban-mobility .html
- Jump up^ “Social Nexus: Harnessing Residents’ Electronic Devices Will Yield Truly Smart Cities” in Scientific American (September 2011)http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-social-nexus
- Jump up^ TIME Magazine: Best Inventions of 2007http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1677329_1678083_1678067,00.html
- Jump up^ Trussardi dehors, a project by Carlo Ratti Associati with Patrick Blanc for Cafe Trussardi “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on 2013-03-09 . Retrieved 2013-05-22 .
- Jump up^ “The Connected States of America” and “Health Information Cape” at MIT Senseable City Lab in “The 22 Best Infographics We Found In 2011” by Fast Companyhttp://www.fastcodesign.com/1665705/the-22- best-Infographics-we-found-in-2011 # 9
- Jump up^ “Phone Call Cartography” at Carlo Ratti in The New York Times Sunday Review (July 2, 2011)http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/03/sunday-review/03phone-map.html
- Jump up^ Database or MIT Senseable City Lab publicationshttp://senseable.mit.edu/papers/publications.html
- Jump up^ “Space syntax: some inconsistencies” with Carlo Ratti in Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design (2004; volume 31 (4); pages 487-499)http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi? id=b3019
- Jump up^ For example: “Eigenplaces: Analysing cities using the space-time structure of the mobile phone network” at Jonathan Reades, Francesco Calabrese and Carlo Ratti in Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design (2009; volume 36 (5); pages 824-836)http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi?id=b34133t
- Jump up^ Science is Culture: Conversations at the New Intersection of Science + Society (October, 2012)http://salon.seedmagazine.com/salon_strogatz_ratti.html
- Jump up^ “Urban infoscapes: new tools to inform city design and planning” by Carlo Ratti and Nick Baker Environmental Design (2003; Volume 7, no. 1)http://senseable.mit.edu/papers/pdf/2003_Ratti_Baker_ARQ .pdf
- Jump up^ MasterplanManifattura Tabacchi, Rovereto, Italy, a project by Carlo Ratti Associati “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on 2013-04-12 . Retrieved 2013-05-22 .
- Jump up^ “Ecco il Consiglio Nazionale del design” at Giannino della Frattina inIl Giornale(June 21, 2007)http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/ecco-consiglio-nazionale-design.html
- Jump up^ “Ratti, Il Valdo Fusi fa piangere” by Sara Strippoli inLa Repubblica(July 7, 2004, page IX)http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/2004/07/04/ratti IL-Valdo-Fusi-fa piangere.html
- Jump up^ “Cities in transformation- toward an intelligent future” by Carlo Ratti on the World Economic Forum Councils Blog (26 January 2012)http://forumblog.org/2012/01/cities-in-transformation-toward-an- intelligent futures /