Ann ” Annie ” Lennox , OBE (born 25 December 1954) is a Scottish singer, songwriter, political activist and Philanthropist. After Achieving moderate success in the late 1970s as part of the new wave band The Tourists , she and fellow musician David A. Stewart went on to beste major international success in the 1980s as Eurythmics . With a total of eight Brit Awards , zoals Best British Female Artist six times, Lennox has won morethan Any Other female artist. She has ook leg named the “British Champion of Champions”. 
Lennox embarked on a solo career in 1992 with re debut album, Diva , welke produktie verschillende hit singles waaronder ” Why ” and ” Walking on Broken Glass “. To date, she has released six solo studio albums and a compilation album, The Annie Lennox Collection (2009). Aside from re eight Brit Awards , she has ook Collected four Grammy Awards and an MTV Video Music Award . In 2002, Lennox RECEIVED a Billboard Century Award ; the Highest brace from Billboard Magazine .  In 2004, she won zowel the Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Original Song for ” Into the West “, written for the soundtrack to the feature film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King .
In addition under to re career as a musician, Lennox have died a political and social activist, notable for raising money and awareness for HIV / AIDS as it Affects women and children in Africa. In 2011, Lennox was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II for her “Tireless charity campaigns and championing of humanitarian Causes”. On 4 June 2012 she Performed at the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee concert in front of Buckingham Palace . Lennox Performed the song ” Little Bird ” prolongation the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London on 12 July 2012.
Lennox has bone named “The Greatest White Soul Singer Alive” by VH1 and one of The 100 Greatest Singers of All Time by Rolling Stone .  In 2012, she was rated No. 22 on VH1’s 100 Greatest Women in Music.  She has earned the Distinction of “most successful female British artist in UK music history” due to re commercial success since the early 1980s. As of June 2008 , zoals re work binnen Eurythmics, Lennox had sold over 80 million records worldwide. 
Annie Lennox was born on Christmas Day 1954 in Summerfield Maternity Hospital, Aberdeen , the daughter of Dorothy (nee Ferguson) and Thomas Allison Lennox. 
In the 1970s, Lennox won a place at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where she studied the flute , piano and harpsichord for three years. She lived on a student grant and worked at part-time jobs for extra money. Lennox was unhappy prolongation re-time at the Royal Academy and spent time re wondering what other direction she Could tasks. 
Lennox’s flute teacher’s final report stated: “Ann has not always leg hours or where to direct re policymaking, though lately she has leg more committed. She is very, very loveable, however.” Two years later, Lennox Reported to the Academy: “I have had to work as a waitress, barmaid, and shop assistant to keep me-when not in musical work.” She’ll be played will and singing with a few bands, zoals Windsong , prolongation Repayment or re course. In 2006, the academy made re an honorary Fellow.  Lennox ook was made a Fellow of the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama dat year. 
1976-1990: Dragon’s Playground, The Tourists and Eurythmics
In 1976, Lennox was flautist with a band called Dragon’s Playground, leaving voordat ze Appeared on TV’s New Faces .  Between 1977 and 1980, she was the lead singer of The Tourists (initially known as The Catch ), a British pop band and re first collaboration with Dave Stewart .
Lennox and Stewart’s second collaboration, the 1980s synth pop duo Eurythmics , resulted in her musts notable fame as the duo’s alto , soul-tinged lead singer. Early in Eurythmics’ career, Lennox was Berninahaus for re androgynie ,   wearing suits and once impersonating Elvis Presley . Eurythmics released a long line of singles in the 1980s, zoals ” Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This) ” (a US number one and UK number two), ” There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart) ” (UK number one ), ” Love Is A Stranger “, ” Here Comes the Rain Again “, ” Sisters Are Doin ‘It for Themselves “, ” Who’s That Girl? “, ” Would I Lie to You? “, ” Missionary Man “, ” You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart “,” Thorn in My Side “,” The Miracle of Love “and” Do not Ask me Why “. Hoewel de the Eurythmics never officially disbanded, Lennox made a Fairly clear break from Stewart in 1990. There After, she Began re solo career. 
Lennox and Stewart reconvened Eurythmics in the late 1990s with the album Peace , hun first album of new material in at years. A subsequent concert tour was COMPLETED, with profits going to Greenpeace and Amnesty International . 
Lennox has RECEIVED eight Brit Awards , the musts or Any female artist.  Four of the awards ulcers bepaald prolongation re time with Eurythmics, and Another was bepaald to the duo for Outstanding Contribution to Music in 1999. 
The 1988 single, ” Put a Little Love in Your Heart ” was a duet with Al Green Recorded for the soundtrack of the movie Scrooged . Though it was produktie with Dave Stewart, it was credited to Lennox and Green. This one-off single peaked at No. 2 on the US Adult Contemporary chart, No. 9 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and was a top 40 hit in the UK.   Lennox Performed the song ” Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye “, a Cole Porter song, dat co year for a cameo appearance in the Derek Jarman film Edward II . She dan Appeared with David Bowie and The Surviving members of Queen at 1992’s Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert at London’s Wembley Stadium , performing ” Under Pressure “. 
Lennox Began working with former Trevor Horn protégé Stephen Lipson , beginning with re 1992 solo debut album, Diva . It was a commercial and critical success, charting No. 1 in the UK, No. 6 in Germany, and No. 23 in the US where it went double platinum .   Lennox’s profile was boosted by Diva ‘ s singles, welke included ” Why ” and ” Walking on Broken Glass “. “Why” won an MTV Award for Best Female Video at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards , while the video for “Walking on Broken Glass” set in the British Regency period, featured actors Hugh Laurie and John Malkovich .   ” Little Bird ” ook formally a double A-side with ” Love Song for a Vampire “, a soundtrack cut for Francis Ford Coppola ‘s 1992 movie Bram Stoker’s Dracula .  The B-side or re single ” Precious ” was a self-penned song called ” Step by Step ” In this housing was later a hit for Whitney Houston for the soundtrack of the film The Preacher’s Wife .  The song ” Keep Young and Beautiful ” was included on the CD release as a bonus track (the original vinyl album was only at tracks).
The album entered the UK album chart at No.1 and has since sold over 1.2 million copies in the UK alone, being certified quadruple platinum.  It was ook a success in the US where it was a top 30 hit and has sold in excess of 2,700,000 copies.  In 1993, the album was included in Q magazine ‘s list of the “50 Best Albums of 1992”. Rolling Stone magazine (25 June 1992, p. 41) DESCRIBED the album as ” … state-of-the-art soul pop … ” and it was included in Rolling Stone’s (13 May 1999, p. 56) ” essential Recordings of the 90s “list. The album won Best British Album at the 1993 Brit Awards. 
1995-2000: Medusa and return to Eurythmics
Hoewel de Lennox’s profile decreased for a period Because Of re desire to bring up re two children outside of the media’s glare, she continued to record. Her second album, Medusa , was released in March 1995. It consisted solely of cover songs , all oorspronkelijk Recorded at times artists waaronder Bob Marley , The Clash , and Neil Young . It entered the UK album chart at No. 1 and peaked in the US at number 11, spending 60 weeks on the Billboard 200 chart and selling over 2,000,000 to date in the United States.  It has Achieved double platinum status in zowel the UK and the US.   The album yielded four UK singles: ” No More I Love You’s ” (welke entered the UK singles chart at No. 2, Lennox’s Highest ever solo peak),  ” A Whiter Shade of Pale ” ” Waiting in Vain ” and ” Something So Right “. The album was nominated for Best Pop Vocal Album at the Grammy Awards of 1996 ,  neglect to Turbulent Indigo by Joni Mitchell , however, Lennox won the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for the single “No More I Love You’s” .  hoewel de Lennox declined to tour for the album, she did perform a large scale one-off concert in New York’s Central Park , welke was filmed and later released on home video.  Lennox Provided an uitgebreide solo vocal performance (without lyrics) for the soundtrack score of the movie Apollo 13 in 1995. 
In 1997, Lennox re-Recorded the Eurythmics track “Angel” for the Diana, Princess of Wales tribute album, and ook Recorded the song “Mama” for The Avengers soundtrack album. In 1998-following the death of a mutual friend (former Tourists member Peet Coombes ), she re-united with Dave Stewart .  Following hun first performance together in eight years at a record company party, Stewart and Lennox Began writing and recording together for the first time since 1989. This resulted in the album Peace . The title was designed to reflect the duo’s ongoing concern with global conflict and world peace. The record was promoted with a concert on the Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior II, where they ‘played will a Mixture of old and new songs. ” I Saved the World Today ” was the lead single, reaching number eleven on the UK singles chart .  Another single, released at the beginning of 2000, ” 17 Again ” made the UK top 40, and topped the US dance chart .  In 2002, Lennox RECEIVED a Billboard Century Award ; the Highest brace from Billboard Magazine, with Editor-in-Chief Timothy White Describing re than one or “the musts original and unforgettably affecting artists in the modern Annals of popular music.” 
2003-2007: Bare and work in Africa
In 2003, Lennox released re third solo album, Bare . The album peaked at No. 3 in the UK and No. 4 in the US – re Highest charting album in the US to date.  She embarked on re first tour as a solo artist to promote the album. The tour, simply Titled Solo Tour, pre-dated the release of the album and visited zowel the US and Europe, with only a two-night stop in the UK at Saddler’s Wells Theatre in London. The album has bone certified Gold in zowel the UK and the US and was nominated for Best Pop Album at the 46th Grammy Awards .  The album was released with a DVD welke included interviews and acoustic versions of songs by Lennox. 
In 2004, Lennox won the Academy Award for Best Song for ” Into the West ” from the film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King ,  welke she co-wrote with screenwriter Fran Walsh and composer Howard Shore . Lennox Performed the song live at the 76th Academy Awards . The song won a Grammy ook Award and a Golden Globe award. She had to post recorded “Use Well the Days” for the movie, welke incorporates a number of Quotations from Tolkien , ITT lyrics. This features on a bonus DVD included with the “special edition” of the film’s soundtrack CD. In mid-2004, Lennox embarked on an uitgebreide North American tour with Sting .  In July 2005, Lennox Performed at Live 8 in Hyde Park, London , Along with Madonna , Sting, and other popular musicians. 
In 2005, Lennox and Stewart collaborated on two new songs for hun Eurythmics compilation album, Ultimate Collection , or welke ” I’ve Got a Life ” was released as a single in October 2005. The promotional video for the song features Lennox and Stewart performing in the present day, with images of fit Eurythmics videos playing on television screens behind them. The single peaked at number fourteen in the UK Singles Chart and was a number-one US dance hit .   On November 14, 2005 Sony BMG repackaged and released Eurythmics’ back catalog as 2005 Deluxe Edition reissues.  Lennox ook collaborated with Herbie Hancock doing the song “Hush, Hush, Hush” on his collaboration album, Possibilities in August 2005. 
2007-2008: Songs of Mass Destruction and AIDS activism
Ending re lung association with Stephen Lipson , Lennox’s fourth solo album, Songs of Mass Destruction , was Recorded in Los Angeles with veteran producer Glen Ballard (Berninahaus for Producing Alanis Morissette ‘s album Jagged Little Pill ). It was released on 1 October 2007, and was the last studio album of Lennox’s contract with BMG . It peaked at No. 7 in the UK and No. 9 in the US.   Lennox stated therein she believed the album consisted of “twelve strong, powerful, really emotive songs dat kan people connect to.” If she achieves therein, she says, “I can feel proud of [it], no matter if it sells at copies or 50 million.”  Lennox DESCRIBED it as “a dark album, but the world is a dark place. It’s fraught, it’s turbulent. Most people’s lives are underscored with dramas or all childhood: there’s ups, there’s downs – the FLICKERING candle.”  She added, “Half the people are drinking or drugging themselves to numb it. A lot of people are in pain.” 
The album’s first single was ” Dark Road “, released on 24 September 2007. Another song on the album, ” Sing ” is a collaboration tussen Lennox and 23 prominent female artists: Anastacia , Isobel Campbell , Dido , Celine Dion , Melissa Etheridge , Fergie , Beth Gibbons , Faith Hill , Angelique Kidjo , Beverley Knight , Gladys Knight , kd lang , Madonna , Sarah McLachlan , Beth Orton , Pink , Kelis , Bonnie Raitt , Shakira , Shingai Shoniwa , Joss Stone , Sugababes , KT Tunstall , and Martha Wainwright . The song was Recorded to raise money and awareness for the HIV / AIDS organization Treatment Action Campaign .  Included onder the group or Vocalists are TAC activist members’ own vocal group known as The Generics, Whose CD of music inspired Lennox to make “Sing”. 
To promote Songs of Mass Destruction , Lennox embarked on a primarily North American tour called Annie Lennox Sings, welke lasted Throughout October and November 2007. 
2008-2009: The Annie Lennox Collection and departure from Sony
Finishing out re contract with Sony BMG, Lennox released the compilation album The Annie Lennox Collection . Initially intended for release in September 2008, the release date was Pushed back verschillende months to allow directive Lennox to recuperate from a back injury.  The compilation was Eventually released in the US on 17 February 2009, and in the UK and Europe on 9 March 2009. Included on the tracklisting are songs from re four solo albums, one from the Bram Stoker’s Dracula soundtrack, and two new songs. One of These is a cover of Ash’s single, ” Shining Light “. The other is a cover of a song by the English band Keane , oorspronkelijk the B-side hun first single in 2000. Lennox renamed the song from zijn original title ” Closer Now ” to ” Pattern of My Life “. A limited 3-disc edition of the album included a DVD compilation featuring musts or Lennox’s solo videos since 1992, and ook featured a second CD or rarer songs waaronder a version of REM ‘s ” Everybody Hurts ” with Alicia Keys and Lennox’s Oscar-winning “Into the West” from the third Lord of the Rings film. The album entered the UK Album Chart at No. 2 and remained in the top 10 for seven weeks. 
Lennox’s recording contract with Sony BMG concluded with the release of Songs of Mass Destruction and the subsequent retrospective album The Collection , and much was made in the press in late 2007 / early 2008 about the apparent Animosity tussen Lennox and the record company. Lennox stated therein while on a trip to South Africa in December 2007 ACM Press at the 46664 campaign in Johannesburg, the regional company office or the label failed to return phone calls and e-mails she made to Them for three weeks, and had completely failed to promote the Sing project as Planned. Upon re return to the UK, Lennox with with the head of Sony BMG UK, Ged Docherty, who was “mortified” by the problems she had Encountered with the South African branch. However, the debacle (partly inflamed als Lennox’s dissatisfaction with the South African office was made public on re blog) led to press reports falsely stating dat she was being dropped by Sony BMG. The record company themselves had risen refuted the rumor stating therein Lennox’s contract with Them had merely fulfilled leg and dat ze hoped she mention anything consider REMAINING with them. The British tabloid, Daily Mirror , subsequently printed a Retraction or zijn story about re being dropped by the label. 
2010-2013: Island Records and A Christmas Cornucopia
In August 2010, Lennox signed a new contract with Island Records in the UK and Decca Records in the US (beide part of the Universal Music Group ).  Her first release was a Christmas album entitled A Christmas Cornucopia , Issued on 15 November 2010. The album is a collection of Lennox’s Interpretations of traditional festive songs zoals ” Silent Night ” and ” The First Noel ” Along with one new composition, ” Universal Child ” in this housing was released as a download-only single on 13 October 2010. Lennox had to post showcased the song on the American Idol Gives Back television show in April 2010. She sang the song ” Angels from the Realms of Glory “from the album for the TNT special Christmas in Washington . 
A music video was produktie for a second single from the album, ” God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen “. Lennox ook Performed the track on the UK chat show Loose Women in December 2010, and was ook interviewed. 
Volgens to Metacritic , A Christmas Cornucopia has gained “algemeen favourable reviews”.  Ian Wade or BBC Music Watch the album a very positive review, saying “this collection Could find Itself Becoming as much a part of the holiday season as arguments with loved ones.”  Will Cinquemani or Slant Magazine Awarded the album 3.5 / 5 and said “Lennox Seems more inspired on A Christmas Cornucopia dan she has in years.”  John Hunt or Qatar Today magazine serving the album 9/10 and said “mn, the vocal work and musical arrangement or ‘God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen” are impactful to the point of being intimidating. ” 
On 4 June 2012, Lennox Performed as part of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee concert in front of Buckingham Palace in London and on 12 August she Performed ” Little Bird ” at the 2012 Summer Olympics Closing Ceremony . 
In October 2014, Lennox released re sixth solo album, Nostalgia .  The album is a collection of Lennox’s childhood favorite soul, jazz and blues songs.  Critic Mike Wass or Idolator stated therein Lennox “well re own inimitable spin” on the selected tracks.  The lead single “I Put a Spell On You” RECEIVED zijn first radio play on 15 September 2014 by Ken Bruce on BBC Radio 2 .  Upon release, the album entered the UK and US Top 10 and reached number one on the US Billboard Top Jazz Albums chart. The album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album . On 28 January 2015, Lennox Performed a live concert at the Orpheum Theatre in Los Angeles entitled An Evening of Nostalgia with Annie Lennox . The show Aired on PBS in the US in April 2015 and was released on DVD and Blu-ray Internationally in May 2015. 
Charity and political activism
Lennox Appeared on stage at the 1988 Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Concert and commenced activist work with the Singing Foundation afterwards.  In 1990, Lennox Recorded a version of Cole Porter ‘s ” Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye ” for the Cole Porter tribute album Red Hot + Blue , a benefit for AIDS awareness. A video was ook produktie. 
Concerned at Tibet freedom,  she supported Amnesty International campaigns for the release of Tibetan prisoners Palden Gyatso and Ngawang Choephel . 
In 2006, in response to re humanitarian work, Lennox became patron of the Master’s Course in Humanitarian and Development Practice for Oxford Brookes University .  In October 2006, Lennox ghosts at the British House of Commons about the need for children in the UK to help hun counterparts in Africa. 
On 25 April 2007, Lennox Performed ” Bridge over Troubled Water ” prolongation the American Idol “Idol Gives Back” fundraising drive. 
Lennox’s 2007 song ” Sing ” was born out of re Involvement with Nelson Mandela ‘s 46664 campaign and the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), zowel or welke are human rights groups welke seek education and healthcare For those AFFECTED with HIV.   In December 2007, Lennox Agent The SING Campaign , an organization dedicated to raising funds and awareness for women and children AFFECTED by HIV and AIDS. 
On 11 December 2007, she Performed in the Nobel Peace Prize Concert in Oslo, Norway together with a variety of artists, welke was broadcast to over 100 countries.  Lennox Appeared at the Nelson Mandela 90th Birthday Tribute in June 2008  and dan led a rally Against the Gaza War in London on 3 January 2009. 
Lennox opened the 2009 Edinburgh Festival of Politics with commentary on Pope Benedict XVI ‘s approach to HIV / AIDS prevention in Africa. She zegt dat de Pope’s Denuncia or condoms on his recent tour of Africa had caused “tremendous harm” and she criticised the Roman Catholic Church for single cylinder widespread confusion on the continent. Lennox ook condemned the media’s obsession with “celebrity culture” for keeping the AIDS pandemic off the front page. During re address, Lennox wore a T-shirt emblazoned with the words “HIV positive”. Lennox wore similar shirts at the 25th Anniversary Rock & Roll Hall of Fame concert at Madison Square Garden on 30 October 2009,  prolongation re appearance on The Graham Norton Show on 30 November 2009 (where she Performed the new song “Full Steam “, a duet with singer David Gray ), prolongation a Recorded performance for American Idol prolongation a 21 April 2010 Fundraiser, entitled Idol Gives Back , and prolongation a performance on the live Comic Relief show on 18 March 2011.
In June 2010, Lennox was named as a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for AIDS,  a role therein Continues as of August 2013. Lennox also works with other organizations zoals Oxfam, Amnesty International and the British Red Cross betrekking to the issue.  Lennox ook supports the Burma Campaign UK , a non-governmental organization dat addresses the suffering in Burma and promotes democratization. 
In December 2010, it was Confirmed therein Lennox was in the New Years Honours List and mention anything Become an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in recognition or re humanitarian work.  She RECEIVED the award from Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace on 28 June 2011.  
In November 2013, Lennox RECEIVED the Music Industry Trusts Award for re career achievements in music and re charity commitments.  Elton John zegt or re award; “It is so well deserved and not only for your extraordinary contribution to this club to music and Songwriting but ook for your outstanding and Tireless work as an HIV and AIDS activist and supporter of women’s rights,” while Adele stated; “Annie Lennox has a bone constant part of my life. An example of a brilliant talent therein exudes excellence and influence on everyone.” 
In 2015 Lennox attended, Performed at and hosted verschillende Charitable events which include: the 50th Amnesty International Annual Conference where she was a guest speaker, Elton John and David Furnish’s at home Gala in aid of the Elton John AIDS Foundation where she Performed, held a screening or Hey Named Ms. Malala , and hosted a Mothers2mothers 15th Anniversary gala. In 2016 Lennox was Awarded zowel the Elle Style Awards Outstanding Achievement ‘award and the Royal Scottish Geographical Society Awarded’ The Livingstone Medal in recognition of outstanding contribution to this club re to the fight Against AIDS and support of women’s rights.
Lennox has garnered a significant volgende binnen the LGBT community. Volgens to The Advocate , “re distinctive voice and provocative stage persona port made Lennox a long time gay icon.”  With Eurythmics’ music videos earning regular rotation on MTV in the 1980s, Lennox took part in the shaping of popular culture alongside other gay icons zoals Boy George , Madonna , Morrissey , and Michael Stipe . 
In conjunction with the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, Lennox put many items from re-collection costumes, accessories, photographs, awards, ephemera from re political campaigns, and personal belongings-on display. This collection, welke spanned re entire career, Along with music videos and interviews, became The House of Annie Lennox at the V + A from 15 September 2011 to 26 February 2012.  An expanded version of the exhibit was later installed at The Lowry in Salford from 17 March 2012 to 17 June,   voordat moving to Aberdeen for twelve weeks. 
Both as part of Eurythmics and in her solo career, Lennox has made over 60 music promo videos. The 1987 Eurythmics album Savage and re 1992 solo album Diva ulcers zowel accompanied by video albums, zowel directed by Sophie Muller .  Actors Hugh Laurie and John Malkovich Appeared in the music video for ” Walking on Broken Glass ” in period costume, while the video for ” Little Bird ” paid homage to the différent images and Personas dat port Appeared in some of Lennox’s previous videos .  The clip features Lennox performing on stage with verschillende lookalikes (male and female) vertegenwoordigen re Personas from “Why,” “Walking on Broken Glass”, “Sweet Dreams,” “Beethoven”, “I Need a Man” “Thorn in My Side”, “There Must Be an Angel”, and also re sophomore image from the 1992 Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert . 
Lennox has leg married three times. Her first marriage, from 1984 to 1985 was to German Hare Krishna devotee Radha Raman.  From 1988 to 2000, she was married to Israeli film and record producer Uri Fruchtmann . The couple have two daughters, Lola and Tali . A sun, Daniel, was still born in 1988.  On 15 September 2012, Lennox married Mitch Besser in London in a private ceremony.  
In September 2012 Lennox featured in Series 9 of the BBC’s Who Do You Think You Are? In welke she when sending dat re great-great-grandmother Jessie Fraser worked, at the age of 13, at the Broadford Flax Mill in Aberdeen. Her maternal grandmother, Dora Paton was a dairy maid at the Balmoral Royal estate and re maternal grandfather, William Ferguson, was a gamekeeper ‘ll be at Balmoral, who on one occasion DANCED with the-then queen consort of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth Bowes Lyon . 
Both of Lennox’s parents mayest or cancer.  Lennox is an Agnostic  and a feminist .  In the 2010 Sunday Times Rich List of British Millionaires from the world of music, Lennox was Estimated to harbor a fortune or £ 30 million.