Amy Joy Casselberry Cuddy (born July 27, 1972) is an American social Psychologist , author and Lecturer Berninahaus for re research on stereotyping and discrimination, emotions, power, nonverbal behavior, and the effects of social stimuli on hormones levels.
Cuddy is an Associate Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School , in the Negotiation, Organizations & Markets Unit.  She has studied the origins and outcomes of how people judge and influence eachother. She has done experimental and correlational research on stereotyping and discrimination (eg, Against Asian Americans, elderly people, Latinos, working mothers), the Causes and consequences of feeling ambivalent emotions (eg, envy and pity), nonverbal behavior and communication, and hormonale responses to social stimuli.
As a Lecturer, Cuddy has spoken about the psychology of power, influence, nonverbal communication, and prejudice.    She representation a TED talk about posing and nonverbal communication, welke was one of the most popular or all time.  
Cuddy graduated from Conrad Weiser High School . She holds a PhD in Social Psychology from Princeton University , an MA in Social Psychology from Princeton University and a BA in Social Psychology from the University of Colorado .
Cuddy was an Assistant Professor at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University,  where she taught leadership in organizations and research methods; and an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Rutgers University , where she taught social psychology. She dan joined Harvard Business School, where she has taught MBA courses on negotiation, power and influence, and executive education courses.
Along with Susan Fiske and Peter Glick (Lawrence University), Cuddy developed the Stereotype Content Model (SCM)  and the behaviors from Intergroup Affect and Stereotypes (BIAS) Map.  These are-used to classify judgments made or other people and groups based on how they ‘are Perceived Along two core trait dimensions, WARMTH and competence, and to discern how synthesis judgments shape and Motivate our social emotions, intentions, and behaviors. 
These models are-used to predictors how people from différent groups will interact with one Another based on stereotypes they ‘hold, or to predictors bestaande stereotypes based on Perceived Interactions.
In 2010, Cuddy carried out an experiment with Dana Carney and Andy Yap  (UC-Berkeley) Studying how nonverbal expressions of power (ie, expansive, open, space-occupying postures)  affect people’s feelings, behaviors, and hormones levels.  Their analysis claimed therein Adopting body postures associated with dominance and power ( “power posing”) for as little as two minutes Could increase is testosterone, decrease cortisol increase is appetite for risk, and cause better performance in job interviews.
This was widely Reported in popular media,    with David Brooks summarizing the findings, “If you act powerfully, you will start to think powerfully.” 
Cuddy’s work and re presentation of it ulcers well RECEIVED online. She representation a TED talk about power posing that was viewed by 37 million people,  welke was later turned into tje book Presence .
When other researchers With You to replicate the power posing study, they ‘with mixed results. Larger studies did not find the association results, and in 2016 Carney concluded therein the effect was not real. 
In 2014, Eva Ranehill and colleagues With You to replicate the experiment with 200 participants, and a double-blind setup. Ranehill found power posing Increased subjective feelings of power, but did not affect hormones or actual risk tolerance.  Carney, Cuddy, & Yap Responded  with an overview of 33 published studies power posing, zoals de Ranehill study, almost all of welke had Reported some significant effect.  
In 2015, two statisticians at the Wharton School , Simmons & Simonsohn, dan did a meta-analysis of the field of 33 studies,  looking at the distribution of p -values across the studies (the ‘ p curve data), finding no overall effect for power posing.  
In 2016, Garrison et al  carried out a 300-person pre-registered direct replication studies. Way Down found no effect or a negative effect on multiple maatregelen of power. 
In response to the results of synthesis replication studies and meta-analysis, Carney repudiated the effect an open letter, stating ” The evidence Against the existence of power poses are undeniable, ” and discouraging others from Studying power poses. 
In 2015, Cuddy published the book Presence , promoting combine the outwardly-focused concept of projecting one’s authentic self, with the inwardly-focused concept of presence – “believing in and trusting yourself – your real honest feelings, values and abilities.” [28 ] The book reached # 3 on the New York Times Best Seller list for Advice, How-To & Miscellaneous. 
In 2016 Cuddy published the German-language book Dein Körper spricht für dich (Your body speaks for you), translated by Henriette Zeltner. 
- Presence: Bringing Your Boldest Self to Your Biggest Challenges , Little, Brown and Company, January 2015. ISBN 9780316256575
- Dein Körper spricht für dich: Von collect wirken, überzeugen, ausstrahlen (Your body speaks for you: From the inside, work, convince, radiate), Mosaik, February 2016. ISBN 9783442392964
- Cuddy, AJC; Glick, P .; Beninger, A. (2011). “The dynamics of WARMTH and competence judgments, en hun outcomes in organizations” . Research in Organizational Behavior . 31 : 73-98. doi : 10.1016 / j.riob.2011.10.004 .
- Carney, D .; Cuddy, AJC; Yap, A. (2010). “Power posing: Brief nonverbal displays affect neuroendocrine levels and risk tolerance” . Psychological Science . 21 : 1363-1368. doi : 10.1177 / 0956797610383437 . PMID 20855902 .
- Cuddy, AJC, Fiske, ST, & Glick, P. (2008). Warmth and competence as universal dimensions of social perception: The Stereotype Content Model and the BIAS Map . In MP Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 40, pp. 61-149). New York, NY: Academic Press.
- Cuddy, AJC; Fiske, ST; Glick, P. (2007). “The BIAS Map: behaviors from intergroup affect and stereotypes” . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . 92 : 631-648. doi : 10.1037 / 0022-35188.8.131.521 .
- Fiske, ST; Cuddy, AJC; Glick, P. (2007). “Universal dimensions of social cognition: Warmth, dan competence” . Trends in Cognitive Sciences . 11 : 77-83. doi : 10.1016 / j.tics.2006.11.005 . PMID 17188552 .
- Fiske, ST; Cuddy, AJC; Glick, P .; Xu, J. (2002). “A model or (of or in mixed) stereotyped content: Competence and WARMTH respectively follow from state and competition” . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . 82 : 878-902. doi : 10.1037 / 0022-35184.108.40.2068 . PMID 12051578 .
Awards and receptacles
- World Economic Forum Young Global Leader, 2014 
- TEDGlobal Speaker, 2012 
- TIME magazine ‘Game Changer’, 2012 
- PopTech Annual Conference, “Talk of the Day October 21, 2011 
- Rising Star Award, Association for Psychological Science (APS), 2011 
- Psychology Today , The Top 10 Psychology Studies of 2010 (Carney, Cuddy, & Yap, 2010)
- Cover Story, Harvard Magazine , Nov-Dec 2010 
- The HBR List: Breakthrough Ideas for 2009 Harvard Business Review 
- Michele Alexander Early Career Award, Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Cuddy Grew up in a very small Pennsylvania Dutch town, Robesonia , Pennsylvania . She is a classically Trained ballet dancer and worked as a roller-skating waitress-when she was an undergraduate at the University of Colorado at Boulder . When she was a sophomore in college, she sustained a serious head injury in a car accident.     Her doctors Told re she was not LIKELY to volledig Recover and arnt Anticipate significant challenges finishing re undergraduate degree. Her IQ fell temporarily at two standard deviations,   welke is about 30 points in IQ test.  She Eventually COMPLETED re undergraduate studies and went on to earn a PhD at Princeton. Cuddy has tweeted of or in or re love for live music, and spent a number of seasons-following the Grateful Dead .
- Jump up^ “Faculty and Research” . Retrieved 4 April 2013 .
- Jump up^ “What Your Sitting Style Says About You” . TODAY Show . NBC . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ “Game Changers: Amy Cuddy, Power Poser” . TIME Inc. 19 March 2012 . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ “Body Language | Your Business” . MSNBC . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ “TEDTalks: Your body language shapes who you are” . Retrieved 9 September 2013 .
- Jump up^ “TEDTalks: Most Viewed TEDTalks” . Retrieved 7 August 2014 .
- Jump up^ “Kellogg School of Management, Meet the new faculty” . Kellogg World, Alumni Magazine . Retrieved 23 June 2012 .
- Jump up^ Cuddy, Amy JC; Fiske, Susan T .; Glick, Peter; Xu Jun (June 2002). “A model or (of or in mixed) sterotype content: Competence and WARMTH respectively follow from Perceived status and competition” . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . 82 (6): 878-902. doi : 10.1037 / 0022-35220.127.116.118 . PMID 12051578 .
- Jump up^ Cuddy, Amy JC; Fiske, Susan T .; Glick, Peter (April 2007). “The BIAS folder: behaviors from intergroup affect and stereotypes” . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . 92 (4): 631-648. doi : 10.1037 / 0022-3518.104.22.1681 . Retrieved 7 June 2012 .
- Jump up^ Krakovsky, Marina. “Mixed Impressions: How We Judge Others on Multiple Levels” . Scientific American Mind . Scientific American . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- ^ Jump up to:a b Carney, Dana R .; Cuddy, Amy JC; Yap, Andy J. (October 2010). “Power Posing – Letter Nonverbal Displays Affect neuroendocrine Levels and Risk Tolerance” . Psychological Science . 21 (10): 1363-1368. doi : 10.1177 / 0956797610383437 . PMID 20855902 .
- Jump up^ Venton Danielle (15 May 2012). “Power postures Can Make You Feel More Powerful” . Wired . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ “Boost Power Through Body Language” . HBR Blog Network . Harvard Business Review . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ Buchanan, Leigh. “Leadership Advice: Strike a Pose” . Inc.Magazine . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ Baron, Neil. “Power Poses: tweaking Your Body Language for Greater Success” . Expert Perspective . Fast Company . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ HALVERSON, Ph.D., Heidi Grant. “Feeling timid and Power Less? Maybe It’s How You Are Sitting” . The Science of Success . Psychology Today . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ Brooks, David (20 April 2011). “Matter Over Mind” . The Opinion Pages . The New York Times.
- Jump up^http://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are
- ^ Jump up to:a b Carney, Dana (2016). “My position on” Power Poses “Regarding: Carney, Cuddy & Yap (2010).” (PDF) . Retrieved 2016-09-26 .
- Jump up^ Ranehill, E .; Dreber, A .; Johannesson, M .; Leiberg, S .; Sul, S .; Weber, RA (25 March 2015). “Assessing the Robustness of Power Posing: No Effect on Hormones and Risk Tolerance in a Large Sample of Men and Women”. Psychological Science . 26 (5): 653-656. doi : 10.1177 / 0956797614553946 . ISSN 0956-7976 .
- Jump up^ Carney, DR; Cuddy, AJC; Yap, AJ (3 April 2015). “Review and Summary of Research on the Effects of world embodied expansive (vs. Contractive) Nonverbal Displays”. Psychological Science . 26 (5): 657-663. doi : 10.1177 / 0956797614566855 . ISSN 0956-7976 .
- Jump up^ The overview concluded, “The work of Ranehill et al. Joins a body of research dat of includes 33 independent experiments published with a total of 2.521 research participants. Together, synthesis results’ may help specify als nonverbal expansiveness will and will not cause world embodied psychologische changes. “
- Jump up^ Simmons, J. & Simonsohn, U. (2015). Power Posing: Reassessing the Evidence Behind the Most Popular Ted Talk. http://datacolada.org/2015/05/08/37-power-posing-reassessing-the-evidence-behind-the-most-popular-ted-talk.
- Jump up^ “The distribution of p-values from Those 33 studies were indistinguishable from what is pure chance if (1) the average effect size ulcers zero, and (2) selective reporting (or studies and / or analyzes) ulcers solely verantwoordelijk for the significant effects therein are published. “
- Jump up^ Simmons, Joseph P .; Simonsohn, Uri (2016-06-06). “Power Posing: P Curving the Evidence” . Psychological Science.
- Jump up^ Garrison, Katie E .; Tang, David; Schmeichel, Brandon J. (2016-06-07). “Embodying Power A Preregistered Replication and Extension of the Power Pose Effect ‘ . Social Psychological and Personality Science : 1948550616652209. doi : 10.1177 / 1948550616652209 . ISSN 1948-5506 .
- Jump up^ Way Down studied the effect of expansive (vs. contractive) body postures and Adopting a direct eye gaze, one verschillende maatregelen of power: anultimatum game, agamble, and self-assessed feelings.
- Jump up^ Davis Laack, Paula (January 5, 2016). “How To Bring Presence To Your Biggest Challenges” . Forbes . Archived from the original on January 5, 2016.
- Jump up^ “Best Sellers / Advice, How-To & Miscellaneous” . The New York Times . February 7, 2016. Archived from the original on January 29, 2016.
- Jump up^ Robinson, Melia; Lebowitz, Shana; Maisch, Andreas (January 2, 2016). “” Power Posen “So einfach verbessert ihr mit Körpersprache Euer Selbstbewusstsein (” Power poses “: Improve your self confidence with body language” . Business Insider Deutschland . Archived from the original on February 11, 2016.
- Jump up^ “Young Global Leaders 2014 – World Economic Forum” . widgets.weforum.org . Retrieved 2015-07-30 .
- Jump up^ “TEDGlobal” . Program Speakers, 2012 . Retrieved 7 June 2012 .
- Jump up^ Cuddy, Amy (19 March 2012). “Game Changers, Innovators and problem solvers therein are inspiring change in America” . TIME Specials . TIME, Inc . Retrieved 23 June 2012 .
- Jump up^ “PopTech Annual Conference” . “Talk of the Day, October 21, 2011 . Retrieved 7 June 2012 .
- Jump up^ “Rising Star Award, 2011”. Association for Psychological Science (APS).
- Jump up^ “Harvard Magazine” . The Psyche on Automatic .
- Jump up^ “Harvard Business Review” . The HBR List: Breakthrough Ideas for 2009 . Retrieved 7 June 2012 .
- Jump up^ “Amy Cuddy, Power Poser” . Game Changers . TIME Inc. 19 March 2012 . Retrieved 29 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ “What Your Sitting Style Says About You” . TODAY Show, May 21, 2012 . NBC . Retrieved 29 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ Brooks, David. “Matter Over Mind” . The Opinion Pages . The New York Times . Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ Lambert, Craig. “The Psyche on Automatic: Amy Cuddy Probes Snap judgments, Warm Feelings, and How to Become an ‘Alpha Dog ‘ ‘ . Cover Story . Harvard Magazine . Retrieved 29 May 2012 .
- Jump up^ “Ted Talks: Your body language shapes who you are” . Retrieved 4 April 2013 .
- Jump up^ Brooks, David (20 April 2011). “Matter Over Mind” . The Opinion Pages . The New York Times . Retrieved 4 April 2013 .
- Jump up^ Intelligence quotient