Linguistic Society of America

The Linguistic Society of America ( LSA ) is a learned society for the field of linguistics. Founded at the end of 1924 in New York City, the LSA works to promote the scientific study of language. The Society publiceert two scholarly journals , Language and the open access journal Semantics and Pragmatics . Its annual meetings, held everytime winter, foster discussion Amongst zijn members through the presentation of peer-reviewed research, as well as Conducting official business of the Society. Since 1928, the LSA has offered training to linguists through courses held at its Biennial Linguistic Institutes hero in the summer. The LSA and its 3,500 members work to raise awareness of linguistic issues with the public and Contributes to policy debates on issues waaronder bilingual education and the preservation of endangered languages .

History

See also: List of presidents of the Linguistic Society of America

The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) was founded on 28 December 1924, als about 75 Linguists with to select officers, ratify a constitution, and presenting papers in order to Facilitate communication binnen de field of linguistics. [1] [2] The foundational members included 31 women, must or Whom worked as educators Rather dan as scholars at research institutions. By 1935, half of the female foundational members had left the society-a rate similar to therein or male members-largely due to the professionalization of the field or linguistics therein disproportionately AFFECTED women as musts worked outside of academia. [3]

Before the foundation of the LSA, a number of other similar societies existed waaronder the American Philological Society and the Modern Language Association , and with the publication of Sapir ‘s Language and Saussure ‘s Course in General Linguistics in 1921 and 1922, the field or linguistics Began to take shape as an independent discipline. [4] though an international discipline, the founders of the LSA was a growing feeling of an American linguistics différent from the traditional European topics and methodologies popular at the time. [4] One of the founding members, Leonard Bloomfield , Explained the need for and establishment of the society so dat the science of language, similar to but separate from other sciences, Could build a “professional consciousness. [5]

From the start the LSA dealing Establishing the science of linguistics, separate from other areas zoals philology and anthropology . [5] The founders ulcers characterized as “scientific revolutionaries” as the early scholarship of the Society’s members Contributed to the development of descriptive linguistics through hun rejection of previous linguistic scholarship and methods in favor of new ones. [6] though-when the views of the female members of the society are tasks into account ‘, the Society was less revolutionary and more diverse in hun scholarship. [3]

The LSA published the first edition of zijn flagship journal, Language , in March 1925. That year the co society elected zijn first president, Hermann Collitz . In 1927, three years after the organization’s founding, the LSA was admitted into tje American Council of Learned Societies . [7] The volgende year, one of the founding members of the LSA, Edgar Sturtevant , organized the first of the Linguistic Institutes welke the LSA still holds on a biennially. [2]

If the LSA Grew, it Began to take on a larger role outside of the professional sphere. During World War II, the LSA helped the United States government with language training programs through zijn Linguistic Institutes. After the long-time Secretary-Treasurer Archibald Hill retired from his position in 1969, the LSA made large changes to zijn organizational structure to better accommodate zijn new and growing role. The responsibilities of the Secretary-Treasurer ulcers expanded and the LSA Agent a Secretariat in Washington, DC in order to act as a liaison tussen de members, federal government, and other professional organizations. [2] In 1981, the LSA and 9 other professional organizations founded the Consortium of Social Science Associations in order to advocate for the governmental support of social science research. [8]

Organizational structure

The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) is governed by three officers and an executive committee. The three officers-president, vice-president and secretary-treasurer veins elected by the members of the LSA. The president, elected to a one-year term, Serves as the chair of the executive committee, as well as presiding over the annual meeting of the Society. The president was first elected to the Vice-Presidency for a one year term, welke ook Carries on the title or the president-elect, and-then assumes the Presidency at the conclusion of the annual meeting. The Secretary-Treasurer is nominated by the Executive Committee and elected by the Membership to a five-year term. Way Down serve as the Chief Financial Officer of the LSA. [9] Alice Harris Currently Serves as President for 2016 with Larry Hyman as Vice-President. The current Secretary-Treasurer, maintenance tasks office in January 2013 is Patrick Farrell who will serve Until at least 2018. [10] [11]

The Executive Committee has ultimate authority over all policy Decisions of the LSA. The Committee is Composed of 12 members, 11 or welke port voting privileges. The Executive Director Serves ex officio without a vote, while the three officers and the previous year’s president serve as voting members of the body. The REMAINING seven positions are specifiek elected and held by members of the LSA. One is a student member, elected to a two-year term, while the REMAINING six are full members elected to three year terms. The elections for the three-year terms are staggered , with two members elected lycra year. The Executive Director is nominated by the Executive Committee and appointed by the President. Way Down serve as the Chief Administrative Officer , overseeing the Society’s application and adherence to policies, and report directly to the Executive Committee. [9]

Membership in the LSA is open to Any person who pays dues and entitles the member not to receive the Society’s flagship publication, Language , as well as submit Manuscripts to LSA publications and abstracts to be Considered for the annual meeting. Scholars who live outside of the United States’ may be elected an honorary member of the LSA after being nominated by the Executive Committee. [9] There are currently about 3,500 members. [7]

The LSA has a number of standing committees and special interest groups on verschillende issues in linguistics, including: [12]

  • Committee on Endangered Languages ​​en hun Preservation (CELP)
  • Ethics Committee
  • Committee on Ethnic Diversity in Linguistics (CEDL)
  • Fundraising Committee
  • Language in the School Curriculum Committee (LiSC)
  • Linguistics in Higher Education Committee (LiHeC)
  • Committee on Membership Services and Information Technology (COMSIT)
  • Public Relations Committee
  • Committee on Public Policy (Copp)
  • Committee on Social and Political Policies
  • Committee on Student Issues and Concerns (COSIAC)
  • Committee on the Status of Women in Linguistics (COSWL)
  • Committee on Scholarly Communication in Linguistics (COSCIL)
  • Linguistics Beyond Academia Special Interest Group

Meetings

The first meeting of the Linguistic Society of America (LSA) took place on 28 December 1924 at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. [1] The Society of biannually Until 1982, meeting once in the summer in conjunction with the Linguistic Institute and once in the winter. Since 1982, the LSA has to annually in the winter. The meetings took place in January Until 1990-when the meetings were moved to early January. [13]

The four-day Annual Meeting co-meets with a number of sister organizations zoals the American Dialect Society , the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas , North American Association for the History of the Language Sciences , and The Society for Pidgin and Creole Languages . [14] Members of the LSA nov submit abstracts to the Programming Committee for Consideration for talks and poster sessions at the Annual Meeting. The LSA ook offerings “minicourses” at its annual meeting welke offering instruction in verschillende areas zoals python scripting and statistical methods using R . [15] [16]

Linguistic Institutes

The LSA holds a four-week Biennial Linguistic Institute in the summer of includes welke talks and course work on verschillende aspects of linguistics. Considered by the Membership to be one of the must important services of the LSA, [17] the Institute has helped influence the development of the field through promotion of new directions zoals Psycholinguïstiek and sociolinguistiek . [18] EACH Institute features a number of endowed Chairs named after prominent linguists, the Sapir chair in general linguistics, [19] [20] the Collitz Chair in historical linguistics, [21] and since 2005, the Ken Hale chair in linguistic fieldwork and the preservation of endangered languages . [22]

The idea for a Linguistic Institute was first Proposed in the spring of 1927 in Reinhold Saleski . The Fledgling Society were hesitant at first, but Edgar Sturtevant was keen on the idea. Sturtevant molded Saleski’s idea JSON a model still-used today: a gathering of scholars in conjunction with course work. The Executive Committee voted to Authorize the first Linguistic Institute, to be held in 1928, Along with, authorization for a second institute in 1929. After the fourth Institute in 1931, the program took a four-year hiatus due to the great depression. [18] Institutes were held everytime year concurrently with summer meetings of the LSA Until 1988-when, due to toenemende costs, the Society announced dat de Linguistic Institutes mention anything be hero everytime other year. [23] It was at dat co dat time the summer meeting of the LSA was ook Discontinued. [18]

Publications

See also: Language

The LSA publiceert two journals or zijn eigen, as well as publishing conference proceedings for the Annual Meeting of Fonologie, the Annual Meeting of Semantics and Linguistics Theory (SALT), the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society (BLS), and extensive conference abstracts from zijn eigen Annual Meetings. [24]

The flagship journal of the LSA, Language , is ranked as one of the top journals in the field. [25] The journal is almost as old as the Society Itself. First published in March 1925 and edited by George Melville Bolling , Aurelio Espinosa , and Edward Sapir , the journal published zijn 91ST volume in 2015 under the editorship of Gregory Carlson . [26] [27] The journal is partially open access , allowing articles to be published open access after a year, or redacteuren for a fee. [28]

Its sister publication, Semantics and Pragmatics is’ fully open access. [29] It was founded in 2008 as a co-journal of the eLanguage publishing platform the LSA developed, but became a full journal, ITT own right in 2013 with the discontinuation or eLanguage. [30] [31] The goal of the new publication was to not only publish articles, but to do so with the advances in open publishing waaronder fast turnaround times and free and open access. [32]

Advocacy

The LSA AIMS to advance the scientific study of language and accomplishes this goal through advocacy efforts. The Society, recognizing zijn growing role in advocacy, Agent a Secretariat in Washington, DC in 1969 to better liaise tussen zijn Membership and the government. [2] Around dat co time, the LSA Began working with other professional organizations to meet and exchange research as part of the Consortium of Social Science Associations (Cossa). During the Reagan administration after cuts to social science funding in 1981, the LSA and 9 other professional organizations founded the Cossa as an advocacy effort for the funding of social science research. [8]

Advocacy efforts are not only limited to science funding, but larger issues of public policy as well. Over the years, the LSA membership have passed a number of resolutions regarding issues of public policy. In 1987, the LSA officially took a stand against the English-only movement in the United States stating that “English-only measures … are based on misconceptions about the role of a common language in establishing political unity, and … are inconsistent with basic American traditions of linguistic tolerance.”[33] Furthering that stance, the membership ratified a statement on linguistic rights in 1996 declaring “the government and people of the United States have a special obligation to enable indigenous peoples to retain their languages and cultures” and declared 7 fundamental linguistic rights including the right “to have their children educated in a manner that affirmatively acknowledges their native language abilities…” which includes the possibility of education in a language other than English.[34] 5 years later, the LSA lent its support for the recognition of sign languages as equal to that of other languages. The resolution, passed in 2001, “affirm[ed] that sign languages used by deaf communities are full-fledged languages with all the structural characteristics and range of expression of spoken languages” and urged that sign languages be given the same respect as other languages in academic and political life.[35]

The Society has ook Engaged in more targeted advocacy efforts. In 1997, an LSA resolution supported the Oakland school board, ITT attempt to favor teaching therein are sensitive to the distinctive; characteristics of African American Vernacular English (the so-called ” Ebonics ” debate). [36] More Recently, the LSA has advocated for the passage of Bills funding Revitalization programs for Native American languages . [37] Their policymaking are not limited strictly limited to language however. Citing an interest in promoting diversity (bijzonder linguistic diversity ), the LSA Along with other professional societies, signed an amicus curiae letter in the Supreme Court case of Fisher v. University of Texas stating the belang or affirmative action policies and urging for hun retention. [38] [39]

Awards

The LSA presents a series of awards prolongation zijn Annual Meeting. The list of awards, hun descriptions, en hun current holders are listed Projects:

  • Best Paper in Language : Awarded to the best paper published in the journal Language dat year; all published papers written by at least one LSA author are Eligible. [40]
  • Early Career Award : Awarded to a member who has made “outstanding contributions to the field of linguistics” early in hun career. [40]
  • Excellence in Community Linguistics Award : Awarded to members of language communities (Typically outside the academic sphere or professional linguists) who make “outstanding contributions” for the benefit hun communities language. [40]
  • Kenneth L. Hale Award : named after linguist Kenneth Hale , this award is to be found to a member who has done “outstanding work” on the documentation or a mn language or family of languages therein are endangered or no longer spoken. [40]
  • Leonard Bloomfield Book Award , named after linguist Leonard Bloomfield , this award is to be found to a book therein has made an “outstanding contribution to this club or enduring value” to our understanding of language and linguistics. [40]
  • Linguistics Service Award : Awarded to a member who has Performed “distinguished service” for the Society [40]
  • Linguistics, Language and the Public Award : Awarded to a member for work that ‘effectief increases as public awareness and understanding of linguistics and language “in the four years preceding the redacteuren nomination deadline; works’ any medium are Eligible and kan be Considered for multiple cycles. [40]
  • Student Abstract Award : Awarded to a student who has Submitted an abstract to the Annual Meeting. [40]
  • Victoria A. Fromkin Lifetime Service Award : named after linguist Victoria Fromkin , this award is to be found to a member who has Performed “extraordinary service to the discipline and to the Society” Throughout hun career [40]
  • Linguistics Journalism Award : First Awarded in 2014, this award is to be found to “the journalist Whose work best represents linguistics” in the prior year. [41] [42]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b Sturtevant, EH (2 March 1925). “The Organisation of the Linguistic Society of America”. Classical Weekly . 18 (12): 127-128. JSTOR  4,388,662 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c d “Linguistic Society of America Records, 1896-” (PDF) . University of Missouri.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b Falk, Julia S. (1994). “The Women Foundation Members of the Linguistic Society of America”. Language . 70 (3): 455-490. doi : 10.1353 / lan.1994.0031 . JSTOR  416,482 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b Andresen, July (2006). Linguistics in America 1769 – 1924: A Critical History . Routledge.
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b Bloomfield, Leonard. (1925). Why a Linguistic Society ?. Language, 1 (1), 1-5.
  6. Jump up^ Murray, Stephen O. (1991). “The first quarter century of the Linguistic Society of America, 1924-1949.” Historiographia Lingüística . 18 (1): 1-48. doi : 10.1075 / hl.18.1.03mur .
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b “Linguistic Society of America” . American Council of Learned Societies . Retrieved July 13, 2015 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b “About Cossa” . Consortium of Social Science Associations . Retrieved 14 January 2016 .
  9. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Constitution and Bylaws of the LSA” . Linguistic Society of America. d . Retrieved 13 January 2016 .
  10. Jump up^ “Governance” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 14 January 2016 .
  11. Jump up^ “LSA Announces Election of Officers and Executive Committee Members for 2013” . Linguistic Society of America. 7 November 2012 . Retrieved 14 January 2016 .
  12. Jump up^ “Committees and Special Interest Groups” . Linguistics Society of America . Retrieved 28 March 2015 .
  13. Jump up^ “Past Annual Meetings” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 14 January 2016 .
  14. Jump up^ “Meeting Handbook” (PDF) . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 14 January 2016 .
  15. Jump up^ “LSA 2016 Annual Meeting” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  16. Jump up^ “LSA 2015 Annual Meeting” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  17. Jump up^ Linguistic Society of America Bulletin . 1988. p. 3.
  18. ^ Jump up to:a b c Falk, Julia (4 January 2014). “The LSA Linguistic Institutes” . Ninetieth Anniversary of the Linguistic Society of America: A Commemorative Symposium . 2014 Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. Linguistic Society of America.
  19. Jump up^ “Edward Sapir Professorship” .
  20. Jump up^ “LSA to Endow Sapir Professorship”. Anthropology News . 24 (9). October 1983.
  21. Jump up^ “Collitz Professorship” . Retrieved 30 September 2013 .
  22. Jump up^ “Ken Hale Professorship” . Retrieved 30 September 2013 .
  23. Jump up^ Linguistic Society of America Bulletin . 1988. p. 8.
  24. Jump up^ “LSA Conference Proceedings” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  25. Jump up^ “Top journals in Linguistics” . Times Higher Education. 21 October 2010.
  26. Jump up^ Language . 1 . Linguistic Society of America. 1925. JSTOR  409,543 .
  27. Jump up^ “Language” . ProjectMUSE . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  28. Jump up^ Jaschik, Scott (5 November 2015). “Why the editors or a top linguistic journal resigned en masse.” . Slate . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  29. Jump up^ “Semantics and Pragmatics” . Semantics and Pragmatics . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  30. Jump up^ “Semantics and Pragmatics” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  31. Jump up^ “eLanguage” . Linguistic Society of America . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  32. Jump up^ Beaver, David; von Fintel, Kai (27 Nov 2007). “Semantics and Pragmatics A New Journal” (PDF) . Semantic and Pragmatics . 0 .
  33. Jump up^ Nunberg, Geoff (1 July 1987). “Resolution: English Only” . Retrieved 15 January 2015 .
  34. Jump up^ “Linguistic Society of America Statement on Language Rights” (PDF) . 1996.
  35. Jump up^ Perlmutter, David. “Resolution: Sign Languages” . Retrieved 30 September 2013 .
  36. Jump up^ Rickford, John. “LSA Resolution on the Oakland” Ebonics “Issue” . Retrieved 30 September 2013 .
  37. Jump up^ “Native American Language Revitalization Legislation in the US Congress” . Linguistic Society of America. 5 May 2015 . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  38. Jump up^ “LSA co-signs amicus curiae letter Supporting diversity in education” . Linguistic Society of America. 6 November 2015 . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  39. Jump up^ Tilsley, Alexandra (28 September 2012). “Social Scientists Defend Affirmative Action in Fisher v. University of Texas” . Inside Higher Ed . Retrieved 15 January 2016 .
  40. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i “LSA Honors and Awards” .
  41. Jump up^ “LSA Honors and Awards: Journalism Award” . Retrieved March 28, 2015 .
  42. Jump up^ “Ben Zimmer Profit LSA’s Linguistics Journalism Award” . Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus . October 29, 2014 . Retrieved July 18, 2015 .